We know that doing sport on a regular basis brings great benefits to our body. But what happens to our body when we do sport? Surely, especially if you practice sport regularly, at some point you have wondered what happens in your body when you exercise that makes you feel so good. In this post we explain in detail the benefits of sport.
Physical activity is inherent to human nature, we are designed to maintain a daily physical activity and our body expects it. If we don’t do it, there are alterations in our body that can be more or less serious, depending on other factors such as the type of food and lifestyle we lead.
It is evident that if we have a sedentary life, stressful and full of junk food our organism is going to be seriously affected, and we are going to “buy all the tickets” to suffer the typical pathologies of our society, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity and diabetes, as well as mental health problems.
It is more than proven that regular exercise helps us to have good health and reduce the risk of many chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, obesity and cardiovascular disease.
Recent studies show that people who play sport regularly have lower mortality rates than those who are less active. A person who does not exercise is up to eight times more likely to have a heart attack than one who is physically fit.
When we exercise, and depending on the type of sport we practice, the sensations can be extremely antagonistic: from the peace that comes from walking peacefully through nature, through the adrenaline generated during a football match, or the experience that invades us when we overcome the “wall” that is presented to us at km 26 of a marathon.
But, apart from these incredible and unique sensations that the practice of exercise gives us, a multitude of processes are produced, most of them beneficial, in our organism.
We begin to sweat, the heart speeds up, the sympathetic nervous system is activated, pulmonary ventilation increases, metabolism accelerates, blood pressure rises, the muscular arteries dilate to multiply their blood supply, the liver releases more glucose. Although some effects produced during physical activity can be uncomfortable, all of them are necessary.
During a training routine, the first change we notice in the body is our body sweat. Sweat is nothing more than a natural reaction of the human body to remove excess heat. When we exercise, our body seeks to evaporate water through the skin glands to try to lower body temperature. Athletes, and people who do physical activity in general, must stay properly hydrated to counteract the loss of fluid that occurs while exercising.
Pulsations are increased with the intention of pumping more blood into the body. If we exercise regularly, we strengthen our cardiovascular system and make it more efficient, reducing pulsations and blood pressure with exercise.
So much so that it has nothing to do with our ability and endurance in the first sessions, for example, “running”, when completing 5 km is little less than a chimera, that feeling of unbeatability and, why not say it, “high” that we feel when, after six months of regular training, we are able to complete 20 km rolling as “the one who goes out for bread”.
When the pulsations increase, the muscles around the lungs work to their maximum capacity until we reach a maximum of oxygen consumption. The fitter we are, the higher our oxygen consumption and increased lung capacity, making breathing more efficient and our lungs cleaner. As a curious fact, several studies have shown that, having greater lung capacity, can increase our intellectual capacity due to better oxygenation of the brain.
Increased blood flow through exercise directly benefits the brain. With this increase, brain cells awaken, allowing a high state of alertness and focus during and after exercise. That is why it is so difficult to fall asleep right after a considerable effort or training, since your organism is activated!
The increase in oxygen reaching the brain promotes the growth of new brain cells and the secretion of chemical compounds such as endorphins, adrenaline, serotonin and dopamine.
All these “inas” are nothing more than chemicals that work together to lift our moods. That’s why we often see things more clearly and feel more liberated right after exercising, so you know: When you’re stuck with an urgent delivery project, go for a run. You don’t know which marketing strategy your best customer will prefer, so call three friends and have a paddle.
It is well known that practicing sport promotes the effective elimination of body fat and allows you to burn a few calories. After 15 minutes of exercise, our muscles have already exhausted the reserves of sugars stored inside and we begin to burn the stored fats.
The various fat molecules in our body are broken down into fatty acids and glycerin, which pass through the outer walls of the cell and penetrate the bloodstream to be used by the muscles as fuel. Fat cells shrink and our body looks slimmer and toned, one of our great objectives for which we do sport, regardless of feeling good and the benefits it brings us.
In general, 30 minutes of moderate activity
You choose what (walking, running, swimming, competing…), how (soft, moderate, bagged, accompanied, alone, with music…) and when (first thing in the morning, at the end of the night, during the work break…). Just do it, as Jordan would say and says, the great sportsman of all times: “Just do it!
Benefits for our heart:
It decreases the resting heart rate and increases cardiac efficiency, improving the supply of blood – and therefore oxygen – to organs, brain and muscles.It contributes to the reduction of blood pressure.
It improves circulation and the health of blood vessels, preventing the appearance of varicose veins and reducing the possibility of the appearance of clots that can trigger strokes and cerebral thrombosis.